Firstly, before we answer this question, it is necessary to understand the essence of the one of the greatest modern humanitarian and military disasters.
Why has the relatively successful Middle East country been almost collapsed?
Violent and bloody Syrian conflict going on for almost 8 years is caused by Syrian society transformation which had been trying to proceed to a new civilization level. Syrian authorities in the 00’s had been reforming the political system in a liberal way. Main goals of this process were creating complex relationships between different social and political institutions, shift away from the tribal life-style towards up-to-date liberal society and forming the national ideology. Such a civilization shifts almost are the “critical points” for every country, every modern and developed Western society has passed them, that is why Syria was not an exception.
This social and cultural “leapfrog” to a brand new stage always accompanied by the new challenges and threats, because it leads to struggle between traditional and modern paradigms. It is time for the wild and archaic demons being in the agony to take the last fight. Some people are scared of the dramatic social and cultural changes. It makes whole social classes totally frustrated, causes an ethnic hatred and different forms of extremism.
Al Assad’s liberal reformation gave the initial impetus to build a Law Society. Unfortunately, not only Freedom and Human Rights fighters can use this publicity tools. Extremists immediately used this “democratic bug” and engaged in a power struggle and promotion of the destructive ideology.
Furthermore it should be mentioned that Syria shares its borders with several powerful countries. It means that Syria is at the intersection of their national interests and geopolitical projects. The main of them are:
– Turkish “Pan-Turkism”, which entails Kurdish separatism suppression
– the Iranian “Shia Crescent”
– “preventive defense” of Israel, which has a vital necessity to avoid strengthening and consolidation of the Muslim countries
This external interests configuration literally “dismembers” Syria, because nobody needs Damascus to become sovereign and independent. Syrian role in this projects is to be weak and helpless puppet or a buffer zone.
Russia is not mentioned in the external projects list above, because its long-term vision differs fundamentally.
Independent Syria as a part of the new Multi-Polar World
Moscow Global Strategy includes building of the Multi-Polar World with well-functioning supranational institutions. It is particularly relevant nowadays, when UN role in solving global crises continue to weaken. This approach is an alternative to “Globalists’ universal solutions”, which does not work in a real life. Afghanistan, Iraq and etc. show us that externally imposed ideologies and narratives are in fact found to be something like “cargo cult” features. They lead not to the prosperity but to the social degradation.
The policy of non-intervention, for its part, leads to the creation of the unique national projects, plurality of opinions and competition of ideas in a global scale.
Russia has to seek allies and support independent political systems to save and develop its national ideas and narratives, which are able to become an alternative to the globalism that erases identities and memory of peoples.
Damascus with the support of Moscow managed to avoid disintegration of Syria on the separate “terrorist wilayas” and continuous to attack savagery and archaic. Al Assad’s government bases its policy on a support of the comprehensive dialogue between all social, ethnic and political Syrian actors and merciless fight against radicalism.
The next vital step in the creation of the new Syrian nationhood is forming of the Constitutional Committee on the broad representation principle. Al Assad is actively using Russian nation-building experience taking into account the interests and specificity of all local peoples.
What awaits Syria?
Syrians managed to avoid collapse of their country, but there remains a great deal of difficult work ahead in forming their own national development project, building just and modern society and post-war reconstruction. Syrian authorities must continue use influential international negotiating forums for a dialogue with a constructive opposition and struggle against destructive external forces.
But let’s get back on point. So, who needs an Independent Syria except Syrians? – All the nations and countries, who want to save their identity and continue development in their own unique way.