A drone captured artisanal oil refineries located near Ketyan, Maaret Elnaasan, Kafr Noran and Miznaz villages of Aleppo province.

According to the source, Hay’at Tahrir al Sham (HTS) terrorists have started to export petroleum products to Turkey using former Daesh routes – extracted in Deir Ezzor province oil via Northern Syria is delivered to the province of Idlib, where preparations are being made for the further transfer to the Turkish province of Hatay.

HTS jihadists use the following methods of transportations to cross the Syrian-Turkish border:

  • To the Turkish town of Hacipasa: when oil prices were high, smugglers loaded larger jerry cans (50-60 litres) of oil into metal tubs or small row boats and, using ropes attached to each river bank, pulled their cargo across the river and into Turkey. On the other bank, tractors picked up the supply and took it to a local informal market, where it was picked up by large trucks, which sold it on.
  • Some Syrian and Turkish border towns have co-operated by burying small rubber tubes under the border, such as at Besaslan. In recent months, Turkey has stepped up border patrols and are constantly digging out the makeshift pipelines.
  • A popular crossing point for smugglers carrying jerry cans of fuel on their backs has been from Kharbet al Jawz in rebel-held Syria to Guvecci in Turkey. This has been largely shut down by Turkish forces, but the remote terrain makes it impossible to stop.
  • In places like Sarmada and al Rai, smugglers have crossed the border by mule, donkey or horses that can carry four to eight jerry cans at a time.

This oil delivery route and cross-border activities to the neighbouring country had been using in 2015. Militants knew this way to make money from ISIS terrorists who were arrested by HTS in the last few months.

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