The talks started May 3 when all the participants arrived at Kazakhstan capital, Astana city. May 4 saw the talks where Russia proposed to create so-called ‘de-escalation zones’ of ‘safety zones’ in Syria mainly in territories controlled by the opposition.
Turkey, which supports Syrian rebels, and Iran, which backs the regime of Syrian President Bashar Al-Assad, agreed earlier in the day to Russia’s proposal, a move welcomed by the United Nations but met with scepticism from the United States.
Later Turkey, Iran and Russia signed a memorandum on creating the safe zones. Damascus officially supported the project as the rebels rejected it calling it a threat to the country’s territorial integrity, and said it would also not recognize Iran as a guarantor of any ceasefire plan.
Also the US-led coalition warplanes are not allowed to these de-escalation zones.